Phishing is a type of social engineering attack that involves tricking individuals into revealing sensitive information or installing Malware. Threat actors use phishing to steal sensitive information, such as login credentials, financial information, and personal data, which can then be used for identity theft, financial fraud, and other malicious activities.
Phishing attacks typically use fake emails, websites, or text messages that appear to be from a legitimate source, such as a financial institution, government agency, or well-known company. The attacker may use the name and logo of the legitimate entity to make the communication appear more credible. The attacker may also use urgency or a sense of urgency, such as warning the recipient of a security breach or a pending account suspension, to convince the recipient to take action.
The recipient is usually prompted to click on a link or open an attachment, which leads to a fake website or downloads malware onto their device. On the fake website, the attacker may request sensitive information, such as login credentials or financial information, or trick the recipient into downloading malware.
To avoid falling victim to phishing scams, it's important to be cautious when clicking on links or opening attachments in emails or text messages, especially if they come from an unknown source. It's also important to verify the authenticity of the sender by checking the sender's email address and verifying that it matches the email address of the legitimate entity. Additionally, it's a good idea to enable two-factor authentication on all online accounts and keep software and security patches up-to-date to reduce the risk of malware infections.