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Definition: SOC (Security Operations Center)

A Security Operations Center (SOC) is a centralized facility where a dedicated team of Cybersecurity professionals monitors, detects, investigates, and responds to real-time security incidents and vulnerabilities in an organization's information systems.


For businesses, especially those in regulated industries or those that need to meet specific compliance standards, a SOC serves as the first line of defense against cyber threats. It provides 24/7 surveillance to ensure data integrity, confidentiality, and availability.

Key Functions:

  1. Monitoring: Continuous surveillance of network traffic, server activity, and system configurations to identify suspicious behavior.

  2. Incident Response: Immediate action upon detection of a security incident to contain and mitigate the threat.

  3. Forensic Analysis: Post-incident investigation to understand the attack's nature and prevent future occurrences.

  4. Compliance Management: Ensuring that the organization's security posture is in line with industry regulations such as ISO 27001, NYCRR500, and NIST 800.171.

  5. Threat Intelligence: Gathering and analyzing information about emerging threats to stay ahead of attackers.